India is a developing country with zeal to excel in every field. This country had seen so much sorrows and pain at the time of British rule. But in the influence of Britishers Indians learnt a lot of new inventions, technology and strategies. After independence, it possesses a developing scenario in every field and education is one of the fields whose development is at par. The country had got updated only by this tool of education. Now we will visualize the educational development of India after independence in the following manner.
Percentage of Literacy
The rate of literacy had been increased tremendously at the time of independence. It was 19.3 % in 1951 and 65.4 % in 2001. The government had started free and compulsory primary education with a provision of mid day meal. Universities and colleges in India had increased to a great number.
Enlargement of Technical Education
After independence, there were establishment of many engineering colleges, medical colleges, polytechnics and industrial training institutes etc which imparted technical education and training with a good deal of approach. For example Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Management and many other colleges of medical and agricultural education.
Education for Women
In ancient times women were supposed to be imprisoned in their homes. They were meant to do household works. But after independence women had got their identities. They had started their participation in the field of education on top priority. The literacy rate of women had increased a lot after independence.
The government had started so many programmes to provide vocational education in the field of diary, agriculture, typing, pisciculture, electronics, carpentry and mechanical etc.
There were so many adults who were not educated but require education in every respect so as to get a prestigious image. For such a purpose government had started the programmes for adult education. The age group of 15-35 years comes in this category. The numbers of adult education centres were 2.7 lakhs which had increased the literacy rate in 2001 to 65.38. These programmes are mainly the part of rural areas.
Indians are very intelligent in the field of scientific inventions and discoveries. To develop new strategies and technologies we require the complete knowledge of science. After independence, there were so many schools which provide education with respect to science. The financial aids are being provided with respect to teaching materials, teachers or professor, laboratories and science kits etc.
In ancient times there were not enough schools, colleges and universities in India. After independence, there are ample of schools, colleges and universities in India. The number of universities in 1951 was 27 which had increased to a number of 254 in 2001.
Thus, India had seen so many developments in the field of education after independence in order to gain the level of excellence to a great height with a view to face each and every challenge.